Title: "The Congo Diplomacy"

Journal: New York Times

Place of Publication: New York

Date: February 4, 1885

Analysis

Most Americans did not have access to Congressional debates about whether the U.S should recognize the sovereignty of King Leopold II of Belgium's Congo Free State—which prompted the convening of the Berlin Conference—or discussions of U.S. engagement with the "African Question." [note 1] They turned to newspapers to glean any information about the major international issue for the West at the time—the present and future state of African affairs. U.S. media coverage of the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 was extensive, with articles published in the major coastal newspapers and dailies in the South, West, and Midwest, attesting to the scope of American interest in European designs on Africa.

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British-American Alliance.

London Papers Favor Close Political Relations with the United States.

London, Feb. 3. -- The leader in this evening's Pall Mall Gazette advocating a political alliance between the Empire of Great Britain and the Republic of the United States of America attracts attention. The American Republic, the Gazette says, is now at last beginning to have a foreign policy. The doctrine of complete isolation so long maintained by American statesmen has perished. Minister Kasson's presence and activity at the Berlin conference on the Congo question must be taken as a portent of things to come. America will continue to exert a great and increasing influence in the work of pacifying Africa. The Republic will ere long claim admittance into the European Areopagus whenever dealing with questions pertaining to interests outside the boundaries of the European Continent. England's duty, therefore, the Gazette contends, is to make the most of this great fact. Blood is thicker than water. The United States is England's natural ally. After the federation of the British empire there will remain for British statesmen no task comparable in importance with that of the conclusion of an alliance between Great Britain and the great Republic which has sprung from England's loins. This alliance, the article concludes, will be as close and useful to the two great English-speaking peoples as that between Austria and Germany.

The Post, in a special article this morning, says America's recent activity in Chili, Peru, Africa, and Corea indicates her intention of having a foreign policy. The question is one of considerable importance to England. The policy adopted by Mr. Cleveland upon assuming the office of President will be watched with keen interest here. The adoption of free trade would mean increased intercourse with the world at large, and would compel America to admit the existence of a regular foreign policy and to defend her interests in Asia and Africa against European attacks.