Title: "In the Congo."

Journal: Evening Bulletin

Place of Publication: Maysville, Kentucky

Date: August 20, 1885

Places: Congo Free State; Karema (Congo); Lake Tanganyika


Most Americans did not have access to Congressional debates about whether the U.S should recognize the sovereignty of King Leopold II of Belgium's Congo Free State—which prompted the convening of the Berlin Conference—or discussions of U.S. engagement with the "African Question." [note 1] They turned to newspapers to glean any information about the major international issue for the West at the time—the present and future state of African affairs. U.S. media coverage of the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 was extensive, with articles published in the major coastal newspapers and dailies in the South, West, and Midwest, attesting to the scope of American interest in European designs on Africa.

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In the Congo.

London, Aug. 20. -- Another odd breakup in the Congo business is announced by special to the Morning Post. It seems that Lieut. Sturm, an officer in the Belgium infantry, who commanded station Karema, in Congo, has refused to recognize the decisions of the Berlin conference, stipulating that the western banks of lake Tanganyika should constitute the frontier of the Congo state. He has resigned his post as agent of the African association and his commission in the Belgian army, and has proclaimed himself emperor of Tanganyika, assuming the title of Emile I.